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Aktuelle NewsWir erklären die UEFA Nations League (Nationen Liga) ✅ Modus ✅ Teilnehmer ✅ Tabellen ✅ Gruppen✅ Termine ✅ Ergebnisse ✅ UEFA Spielplan. UEFA Nations League ⚽ / ➤ Alle Spiele ✓ Alle Tabellen ✓ Alle Termine ✓ Live ✓ Alle Teams & Gruppen. Die UEFA Nations League ist ein vom europäischen Fußballdachverband UEFA organisiertes Fußballturnier zwischen den Fußball-Männer-Nationalmannschaften. An dem Turnier nehmen alle 55 Mitgliedsverbände der UEFA teil.
Liga Der Nationen DANKE an unsere Werbepartner. VideoFIFA 21: LIGA-/NATIONEN-HYBRID SBC BILLIG! 9/8/ · Wann findet die Nationenliga statt? Die nächsten Termine zur Nationen Liga 3. bis 5. und 6 bis 8. September – erster und zweiter Spieltag 8. bis und bis Oktober – dritter und vierter Spieltag bis und bis November – . Liga der Nationen Regierungssitz Madrid Amtsprache Deutsch, Englisch, Spanisch, Französisch Fläche global km² Die Liga der Nationen wurde nach dem Schrecken des Weltkriegs gegründet. Dabei war es das Ziel der Nationen, einen ewigen Frieden und engere Zusammenarbeit der Weltmächte zu gewährleisten. So hat die Liga der Nationen auch bis heute gute Arbeit geleistet, da bis auf den Amtsprache: Deutsch, Englisch, Spanisch, Französisch. 5/25/ · Die Erfolge und Misserfolge der Liga der Nationen Der Völkerbund war eine internationale Organisation, die zwischen 19hat seinen Hauptsitz in Genf, Schweiz, der Liga der Nationen bestanden gelobte die internationale Zusammenarbeit zu fördern und den globalen Frieden zu bewahren.
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League A - Gruppe 2. League B - Gruppe 1. League B - Gruppe 2. Tschechische Rep. League B - Gruppe 3. League B - Gruppe 4. Republik Irland.
League C - Gruppe 3. Alle Spiele ansehen. Highlights an deinem Aufenthaltsort ab Mitternacht verfügbar. Unser Tipp. Dabei war es das Ziel der Nationen, einen ewigen Frieden und engere Zusammenarbeit der Weltmächte zu gewährleisten.
Eine Besonderheit der Liga der Nationen ist, dass sie sich aus verschiedenen anderen Bündnissen zusammensetzt.
Diese Bündnisse wählen dann intern einige Vertreter auf die Weltversammlung schicken. Diese Bündnisse sind:.
Es gibt aber auch Staaten die keinem dieser Bündnisse angehören, wie die UKA , welche aber gute Beziehungen zum Zweikaiserabkommen pflegt, es gibt immer noch Verhandlungen über einen Beitritt.
They secured agreement from reluctant Foreign Ministers, who overall felt that such a body would be ineffective, but agreed to participate or not impede creation of a neutral mediating body, if other nations agreed and if President Woodrow Wilson would initiate a body.
In the midst of the War, Wilson refused. In , a similar body to the Bryce group proposals was set up in the United States by a group of like-minded individuals, including William Howard Taft.
It was called the League to Enforce Peace and was substantially based on the proposals of the Bryce Group. None of these early organisations envisioned a continuously functioning body; with the exception of the Fabian Society in England, they maintained a legalistic approach that would limit the international body to a court of justice.
The Fabians were the first to argue for a "Council" of states, necessarily the Great Powers , who would adjudicate world affairs, and for the creation of a permanent secretariat to enhance international co-operation across a range of activities.
In the course of the diplomatic efforts surrounding World War I , both sides had to clarify their long-term war aims. By in Britain, the leader of the Allies , and in the neutral United States, long-range thinkers had begun to design a unified international organisation to prevent future wars.
Historian Peter Yearwood argues that when the new coalition government of David Lloyd George took power in December , there was widespread discussion among intellectuals and diplomats of the desirability of establishing such an organisation.
When Lloyd George was challenged by Wilson to state his position with an eye on the postwar situation, he endorsed such an organisation.
Wilson himself included in his Fourteen Points in January a "league of nations to ensure peace and justice. The war had had a profound impact, affecting the social, political and economic systems of Europe and inflicting psychological and physical damage.
Anti-war sentiment rose across the world; the First World War was described as " the war to end all wars ",  and its possible causes were vigorously investigated.
The causes identified included arms races, alliances, militaristic nationalism, secret diplomacy, and the freedom of sovereign states to enter into war for their own benefit.
One proposed remedy was the creation of an international organisation whose aim was to prevent future war through disarmament, open diplomacy, international co-operation, restrictions on the right to wage war, and penalties that made war unattractive.
In London Balfour commissioned the first official report into the matter in early , under the initiative of Lord Robert Cecil. The British committee was finally appointed in February It was led by Walter Phillimore and became known as the Phillimore Committee , but also included Eyre Crowe , William Tyrrell , and Cecil Hurst.
The proposals were approved by the British government, and much of the commission's results were later incorporated into the Covenant of the League of Nations.
The French also drafted a much more far-reaching proposal in June ; they advocated annual meetings of a council to settle all disputes, as well as an "international army" to enforce its decisions.
American President Woodrow Wilson instructed Edward M. House to draft a US plan which reflected Wilson's own idealistic views first articulated in the Fourteen Points of January , as well as the work of the Phillimore Commission.
The outcome of House's work and Wilson's own first draft proposed the termination of "unethical" state behaviour, including forms of espionage and dishonesty.
Methods of compulsion against recalcitrant states would include severe measures, such as "blockading and closing the frontiers of that power to commerce or intercourse with any part of the world and to use any force that may be necessary The two principal drafters and architects of the covenant of the League of Nations  were the British politician Lord Robert Cecil and the South African statesman Jan Smuts.
Smuts' proposals included the creation of a Council of the great powers as permanent members and a non-permanent selection of the minor states.
He also proposed the creation of a Mandate system for captured colonies of the Central Powers during the war. Cecil focused on the administrative side and proposed annual Council meetings and quadrennial meetings for the Assembly of all members.
He also argued for a large and permanent secretariat to carry out the League's administrative duties. At the Paris Peace Conference in , Wilson, Cecil and Smuts all put forward their draft proposals.
After lengthy negotiations between the delegates, the Hurst — Miller draft was finally produced as a basis for the Covenant.
On 28 June ,   44 states signed the Covenant, including 31 states which had taken part in the war on the side of the Triple Entente or joined it during the conflict.
French women's rights advocates invited international feminists to participate in a parallel conference to the Paris Conference in hopes that they could gain permission to participate in the official conference.
The League would be made up of a General Assembly representing all member states , an Executive Council with membership limited to major powers , and a permanent secretariat.
Member states were expected to "respect and preserve as against external aggression" the territorial integrity of other members and to disarm "to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety.
Despite Wilson's efforts to establish and promote the League, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in October ,  the United States never joined.
Senate Republicans led by Henry Cabot Lodge wanted a League with the reservation that only Congress could take the U. Lodge gained a majority of Senators.
The League held its first council meeting in Paris on 16 January , six days after the Versailles Treaty and the Covenant of the League of Nations came into force.
The official languages of the League of Nations were French and English. In , a semi-official emblem for the League of Nations emerged: two five-pointed stars within a blue pentagon.
They symbolised the Earth's five continents and "five races. The main constitutional organs of the League were the Assembly, the council, and the Permanent Secretariat.
It also had two essential wings: the Permanent Court of International Justice and the International Labour Organization.
In addition, there were several auxiliary agencies and commissions. The relations between the Assembly and the Council and the competencies of each were for the most part not explicitly defined.
Each body could deal with any matter within the sphere of competence of the League or affecting peace in the world.
Particular questions or tasks might be referred to either. Unanimity was required for the decisions of both the Assembly and the Council, except in matters of procedure and some other specific cases such as the admission of new members.
This requirement was a reflection of the League's belief in the sovereignty of its component nations; the League sought a solution by consent, not by dictation.
In case of a dispute, the consent of the parties to the dispute was not required for unanimity. The Permanent Secretariat, established at the seat of the League at Geneva, comprised a body of experts in various spheres under the direction of the general secretary.
The staff of the Secretariat was responsible for preparing the agenda for the Council and the Assembly and publishing reports of the meetings and other routine matters, effectively acting as the League's civil service.
In the staff numbered The Assembly consisted of representatives of all members of the League, with each state allowed up to three representatives and one vote.
In practice, the Assembly was the general directing force of League activities. The League Council acted as a type of executive body directing the Assembly's business.
The composition of the Council was changed several times. The number of non-permanent members was first increased to six on 22 September and to nine on 8 September Werner Dankwort of Germany pushed for his country to join the League; joining in , Germany became the fifth permanent member of the Council.
Later, after Germany and Japan both left the League, the number of non-permanent seats was increased from nine to eleven, and the Soviet Union was made a permanent member giving the Council a total of fifteen members.
In total, sessions were held between and The League oversaw the Permanent Court of International Justice and several other agencies and commissions created to deal with pressing international problems.
These included the Disarmament Commission, the International Labour Organization ILO , the Mandates Commission, the International Commission on Intellectual Cooperation  precursor to UNESCO , the Permanent Central Opium Board , the Commission for Refugees, and the Slavery Commission.
The Permanent Court of International Justice was provided for by the Covenant, but not established by it. The Council and the Assembly established its constitution.
Its judges were elected by the Council and the Assembly, and its budget was provided by the latter. The Court was to hear and decide any international dispute which the parties concerned submitted to it.
It might also give an advisory opinion on any dispute or question referred to it by the Council or the Assembly. The Court was open to all the nations of the world under certain broad conditions.
The International Labour Organization was created in on the basis of Part XIII of the Treaty of Versailles. Its constitution differed from that of the League: representation had been accorded not only to governments but also to representatives of employers' and workers' organisations.
Albert Thomas was its first director. The ILO successfully restricted the addition of lead to paint,  and convinced several countries to adopt an eight-hour work day and forty-eight-hour working week.
It also campaigned to end child labour, increase the rights of women in the workplace, and make shipowners liable for accidents involving seamen. The League's health organisation had three bodies: the Health Bureau, containing permanent officials of the League; the General Advisory Council or Conference, an executive section consisting of medical experts; and the Health Committee.
The committee's purpose was to conduct inquiries, oversee the operation of the League's health work, and prepare work to be presented to the council.
The Health Organisation also worked successfully with the government of the Soviet Union to prevent typhus epidemics, including organising a large education campaign.
The League of Nations had devoted serious attention to the question of international intellectual co-operation since its creation. The French philosopher Henri Bergson became the first chairman of the committee.
Introduced by the second International Opium Convention , the Permanent Central Opium Board had to supervise the statistical reports on trade in opium , morphine, cocaine and heroin.
The board also established a system of import certificates and export authorisations for the legal international trade in narcotics.
The Slavery Commission sought to eradicate slavery and slave trading across the world, and fought forced prostitution. The League secured a commitment from Ethiopia to end slavery as a condition of membership in , and worked with Liberia to abolish forced labour and intertribal slavery.
The United Kingdom had not supported Ethiopian membership of the League on the grounds that "Ethiopia had not reached a state of civilisation and internal security sufficient to warrant her admission.
The League also succeeded in reducing the death rate of workers constructing the Tanganyika railway from 55 to 4 percent.
Records were kept to control slavery, prostitution, and the trafficking of women and children. Led by Fridtjof Nansen , the Commission for Refugees was established on 27 June  to look after the interests of refugees, including overseeing their repatriation and, when necessary, resettlement.
The Committee for the Study of the Legal Status of Women sought to inquire into the status of women all over the world.
It was formed in , and later became part of the United Nations as the Commission on the Status of Women. The Covenant of the League said little about economics.
Nonetheless, in the Council of the League called for a financial conference. The First Assembly at Geneva provided for the appointment of an Economic and Financial Advisory Committee to provide information to the conference.
In , a permanent economic and financial Organization came into being. Of the League's 42 founding members, 23 24 counting Free France remained members until it was dissolved in In the founding year, six other states joined, only two of which remained members throughout the League's existence.
Under the Weimar Republic , Germany was admitted to the League of Nations through a resolution passed on 8 September An additional 15 countries joined later.
The largest number of member states was 58, between 28 September when Ecuador joined and 23 February when Paraguay withdrew. On 26 May , Egypt became the last state to join the League.
The first member to withdraw permanently from the League was Costa Rica on 22 January ; having joined on 16 December , this also makes it the member to have most quickly withdrawn.
Brazil was the first founding member to withdraw 14 June , and Haiti the last April Iraq , which joined in , was the first member that had previously been a League of Nations mandate.
The Soviet Union became a member on 18 September ,  and was expelled on 14 December  for invading Finland. In expelling the Soviet Union, the League broke its own rule: only 7 of 15 members of the Council voted for expulsion United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Bolivia, Egypt, South Africa , and the Dominican Republic , short of the majority required by the Covenant.
Three of these members had been made Council members the day before the vote South Africa, Bolivia, and Egypt. This was one of the League's final acts before it practically ceased functioning due to the Second World War.
At the end of the First World War, the Allied powers were confronted with the question of the disposal of the former German colonies in Africa and the Pacific, and the several Arabic-speaking provinces of the Ottoman Empire.
The Peace Conference adopted the principle that these territories should be administered by different governments on behalf of the League — a system of national responsibility subject to international supervision.
League of Nations mandates were established under Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations.
There were three mandate classifications: A, B and C. The wishes of these communities must be a principal consideration in the selection of the Mandatory.
The B mandates were applied to the former German colonies that the League took responsibility for after the First World War.
These were described as "peoples" that the League said were. South West Africa and certain South Pacific Islands were administered by League members under C mandates.
These were classified as "territories". The territories were governed by mandatory powers, such as the United Kingdom in the case of the Mandate of Palestine , and the Union of South Africa in the case of South-West Africa, until the territories were deemed capable of self-government.
Fourteen mandate territories were divided up among seven mandatory powers: the United Kingdom, the Union of South Africa, France, Belgium, New Zealand, Australia and Japan.
Following the demise of the League, most of the remaining mandates became United Nations Trust Territories. The aftermath of the First World War left many issues to be settled, including the exact position of national boundaries and which country particular regions would join.
Most of these questions were handled by the victorious Allied powers in bodies such as the Allied Supreme Council.
The Allies tended to refer only particularly difficult matters to the League. This meant that, during the early interwar period , the League played little part in resolving the turmoil resulting from the war.
The questions the League considered in its early years included those designated by the Paris Peace treaties. As the League developed, its role expanded, and by the middle of the s it had become the centre of international activity.
This change can be seen in the relationship between the League and non-members. The United States and Russia, for example, increasingly worked with the League.
During the second half of the s, France, Britain and Germany were all using the League of Nations as the focus of their diplomatic activity, and each of their foreign secretaries attended League meetings at Geneva during this period.
They also used the League's machinery to try to improve relations and settle their differences. By , the dispute had escalated to the point that there was danger of war.
The British government referred the problem to the League's Council, but Finland would not let the League intervene, as they considered it an internal matter.
The League created a small panel to decide if it should investigate the matter and, with an affirmative response, a neutral commission was created.
With Sweden's reluctant agreement, this became the first European international agreement concluded directly through the League.
The Allied powers referred the problem of Upper Silesia to the League after they had been unable to resolve the territorial dispute.
The Treaty of Versailles had recommended a plebiscite in Upper Silesia to determine whether the territory should become part of Germany or Poland.
Complaints about the attitude of the German authorities led to rioting and eventually to the first two Silesian Uprisings and A plebiscite took place on 20 March , with This result led to the Third Silesian Uprising in On 12 August , the League was asked to settle the matter; the Council created a commission with representatives from Belgium, Brazil, China and Spain to study the situation.
A final settlement was reached, after five meetings, in which most of the area was given to Germany, but with the Polish section containing the majority of the region's mineral resources and much of its industry.
When this agreement became public in May , bitter resentment was expressed in Germany, but the treaty was still ratified by both countries.
The settlement produced peace in the area until the beginning of the Second World War. The frontiers of the Principality of Albania had not been set during the Paris Peace Conference in , as they were left for the League to decide; they had not yet been determined by September , creating an unstable situation.
Greek troops conducted military operations in the south of Albania. Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Yugoslav forces became engaged, after clashes with Albanian tribesmen, in the northern part of the country.
The League sent a commission of representatives from various powers to the region. In November , the League decided that the frontiers of Albania should be the same as they had been in , with three minor changes that favoured Yugoslavia.
Yugoslav forces withdrew a few weeks later, albeit under protest. The borders of Albania again became the cause of international conflict when Italian General Enrico Tellini and four of his assistants were ambushed and killed on 24 August while marking out the newly decided border between Greece and Albania.
Italian leader Benito Mussolini was incensed and demanded that a commission investigate the incident within five days.
Whatever the results of the investigation, Mussolini insisted that the Greek government pay Italy fifty million lire in reparations.
The Greeks said they would not pay unless it was proved that the crime was committed by Greeks. Mussolini sent a warship to shell the Greek island of Corfu , and Italian forces occupied the island on 31 August This contravened the League's covenant, so Greece appealed to the League to deal with the situation.
The Allies agreed at Mussolini's insistence that the Conference of Ambassadors should be responsible for resolving the dispute because it was the conference that had appointed General Tellini.
The League Council examined the dispute, but then passed on their findings to the Conference of Ambassadors to make the final decision.
The conference accepted most of the League's recommendations, forcing Greece to pay fifty million lire to Italy, even though those who committed the crime were never discovered.
The French and Polish governments favoured turning Memel into an international city , while Lithuania wanted to annex the area.
By , the fate of the area had still not been decided, prompting Lithuanian forces to invade in January and seize the port.
After the Allies failed to reach an agreement with Lithuania, they referred the matter to the League of Nations. In December , the League Council appointed a Commission of Inquiry.
The commission chose to cede Memel to Lithuania and give the area autonomous rights. The League of Nations failed to prevent the secession of the Memel region to Germany.
With League oversight, the Sanjak of Alexandretta in the French Mandate of Syria was given autonomy in Renamed Hatay, its parliament declared independence as the Republic of Hatay in September , after elections the previous month.
It was annexed by Turkey with French consent in mid The League resolved a dispute between the Kingdom of Iraq and the Republic of Turkey over control of the former Ottoman province of Mosul in According to the British, who had been awarded a League of Nations mandate over Iraq in and therefore represented Iraq in its foreign affairs, Mosul belonged to Iraq; on the other hand, the new Turkish republic claimed the province as part of its historic heartland.
A League of Nations Commission of Inquiry, with Belgian, Hungarian and Swedish members, was sent to the region in ; it found that the people of Mosul did not want to be part of either Turkey or Iraq, but if they had to choose, they would pick Iraq.
The League Council adopted the recommendation and decided on 16 December to award Mosul to Iraq. Although Turkey had accepted the League of Nations' arbitration in the Treaty of Lausanne , it rejected the decision, questioning the Council's authority.
The matter was referred to the Permanent Court of International Justice, which ruled that, when the Council made a unanimous decision, it must be accepted.
Nonetheless, Britain, Iraq and Turkey ratified a separate treaty on 5 June that mostly followed the decision of the League Council and also assigned Mosul to Iraq.
It was agreed that Iraq could still apply for League membership within 25 years and that the mandate would end upon its admission.
After the First World War, Poland and Lithuania both regained their independence but soon became immersed in territorial disputes. This agreement gave Lithuanians control of the city of Vilnius Lithuanian : Vilnius , Polish : Wilno , the old Lithuanian capital, but a city with a majority Polish population.
After a request for assistance from Lithuania, the League Council called for Poland's withdrawal from the area. The Polish government indicated they would comply, but instead reinforced the city with more Polish troops.
The plan was met with resistance in Poland, Lithuania, and the Soviet Union, which opposed any international force in Lithuania.
In March , the League abandoned plans for the plebiscite. The Peruvian Army occupied Leticia, leading to an armed conflict between the two nations.
A provisional peace agreement, signed by both parties in May , provided for the League to assume control of the disputed territory while bilateral negotiations proceeded.
Saar was a province formed from parts of Prussia and the Rhenish Palatinate and placed under League control by the Treaty of Versailles. A plebiscite was to be held after fifteen years of League rule to determine whether the province should belong to Germany or France.
When the referendum was held in , In addition to territorial disputes, the League also tried to intervene in other conflicts between and within nations.
Among its successes were its fight against the international trade in opium and sexual slavery, and its work to alleviate the plight of refugees, particularly in Turkey in the period up to One of its innovations in this latter area was the introduction of the Nansen passport , which was the first internationally recognised identity card for stateless refugees.